Now in common use, the term privacy indicates the right to the confidentiality of personal information and one’s private life. The privacy regulations, which have follow one another in recent year, have been design to safeguard and protect the private sphere of the individual.
Preventing information concern the personal sphere from being disclose without the authorization of the interest party and that third part intrude. in the private sphere. The protection of personal data is now recognize as a right of the individual.
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What is mean by right of the press
The right to report consists of the right to publish what is connect to facts and event of public interest or that happen in public, and is recognize in the Italian legal system among the freedom of expression of thought.
The function of the news is to collect information to share it with the community. The rules on the right to press apply to anyone who describes an event or event of public interest through a means of dissemination and extends to anyone,
Even if not registered in the register of journalists, who intends to address the community. The exercise of the right to report and criticize represents a fundamental expression of the principle envisaged by art. 21 cost. and by art. 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights.
The boundary between the right of news and the right to privacy
The multiplication of the media, especially in digital form, and the ease with which it is possible to access it, has increased exponentially the possibilities of damage to the individual sphere of citizens, to the point of sometimes betraying the ultimate purpose of the information itself.
Furthermore, if it is true that the right to be inform must be consider complementary to the right to freely express one’s thought, it is equally true that there is a person’s right not to see disseminate information relating to his or her private life.
For this reason, the right to privacy is insert and is place as a water she between the public interest in knowing and the interest of individual in not seeing disclose personal fact and events that third party have no interest in knowing.
Because this is the right to confidentiality. Through the exercise of the right to press, the interest in information can lead to a temporary compression of the private sphere of the individual, only if the following condition are met.
- Veracity of the news published.
- Presentation of the news according to criteria of formal correctness.
- Existence of the public interest in the knowledge of the narrated fact.
Only the simultaneous presence of these three elements entails a legitimate exercise of the right to press.
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Violation of the right to privacy? You have the right to be forgot!
It is with the development of the internet that the question is increasingly ask which right should prevail between the protection of privacy and therefore to be forgot and no longer remember for certain past fact and the right to information, both constitutionally protect right.
The goal is the same as always: to find a balance between the right of the press and the right of every person to be respect, in his dignity, in his identity, in his intimacy. The term ” right to be forgot ” means the right to protect one’s online reputation.
By requesting the removal from the web of information and personal data that may therefore cause damage or the non-republication of news relating to the past and no longer current . The right to be forgotten can be defined as the right to have your data delete in an enhance form.
This concept is nothing more than a mode of expression of the right to personal identity and is one of the privacy rights, which has become particularly relevant today, given the intrusiveness of the web and its ability to remember without time limits.
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